Hip joint injury type…

Sprains & Strains

A sprain is a stretched or torn ligament. Ligaments are tissues that connect bones at a joint. Falling, twisting, or getting hit can all cause a sprain. Symptoms include pain, swelling, bruising, and being unable to move your joint. You might feel a pop or tear when the injury happens. A strain is a stretched or torn muscle or tendon. Tendons are tissues that connect muscle to bone. Twisting or pulling these tissues can cause a strain. Strains can happen suddenly or develop over time. Symptoms include pain, muscle spasms, swelling, and trouble moving the muscle. At first, treatment of both sprains and strains usually involves resting the injured area, icing it, wearing a bandage or device that compresses the area, and prescribed medication. The second stage of treatment (if required) may include physical therapy & exercise.

Bursitis

A bursa is a small, fluid-filled sac that acts as a cushion between a bone and other moving parts, such as muscles, tendons, or skin. Bursitis occurs when a bursa becomes inflamed. Overusing of a joint can lead to bursitis. Symptoms of bursitis include pain and swelling. Diagnosis requires an X-ray or a MRI. Treatment of bursitis includes rest, pain medicines, or ice. If there is no improvement, your doctor may inject a drug into the area around the swollen bursa. If the joint still does not improve after 6 to 12 months, you may need surgery to repair damage and relieve pressure on the bursa.

Dislocations

Dislocations are joint injuries that force the ends of your bones out of position. The cause is often a fall or a blow, sometimes from playing a contact sport. A dislocated joint is an emergency. Treatment depends on which joint you dislocate and the severity of the injury. It might include manipulations to reposition your bones, medicine, a splint or sling, and rehabilitation. When properly repositioned, a joint will usually function and move normally again in a few weeks.

Fractures

A fracture is a break, usually in a bone. If the broken bone punctures the skin, it is called an open or compound fracture. Fractures commonly happen because of car accidents, falls and sports injuries. Low bone density and osteoporosis can also lead to fractures. Overuse can cause stress fractures, which are very small cracks in the bone. Symptoms of a fracture are swelling, bruising, intense pain, numbness & tingling sensation and limited mobility. Immediate medical attention is important in cases of a fracture. One may be advised to wear a cast or splint or in some cases a surgery may be required to put in plates, pins or screws to keep the bone in place.

Osteoporosis & Osteoarthritis

Osteoarthritis breaks down the cartilage in your joints. Cartilage is the slippery tissue that covers the ends of bones in a joint. Healthy cartilage absorbs the shock of movement. When you lose cartilage, your bones rub together. Over time, this rubbing can permanently damage the joint. Age, overweight and injuries can lead to osteoarthritis.

Osteoporosis makes your bones weak and more likely to break. Anyone can develop osteoporosis, but it is common in older women. Risk factors include age, underweight, family history, and suffering from osteopenia (low bone density) Osteoporosis is a silent disease. You might not know you have it until you break a bone. A bone mineral density test is the best way to check your bone health. To keep bones strong, eat a diet rich in calcium and vitamin D, exercise and do not smoke. If needed, medicines can also help. you should sit in early morning sunlight.

Femoral Acetabulum Impingement Syndrome (FAIS)

Femoral acetabular impingement syndrome(FAIS), usually affects young and middle-aged adults. Pain is caused as two surfaces impinge on each other.  The femoral head rotates in the socket (acetabulum). During impingement, the neck of the femur contacts the lip of the hip socket.

Activities that cause problems with hip impingement are those that involve hip flexion, such as: sitting in a car, squatting, and bending during various athletic exercises. Pain can be minimal with straight and level walking.

Femoroacetabular impingement is a condition of too much friction in the hip joint. This causes pain and eventual loss of motion of the hip. The constant friction leads to early osteoarthritis of the hip.

Hip injury,Hip impingement,Hip arthroscopy,Dr.Nishith ShahTwo basic types of FAI are known depending upon whether the acetabulum (Socket) or the femur head neck junction (Ball) is involved.

The treatment of FAIS is based on how much arthritis is present in the hip joint. Patients presenting at an early stage may be treated with an arthroscopic joint saving surgery.

 

 

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